Article 9321

Title of the article

Scientific and pedagogical personnel agricultural universities in the USSR (1960–1980) (a brief historical sketch) 

Authors

Valery Ya. Romanchenko, Doctor of historical sciences, professor of the sub-department of social-legal and humanitarian-pedagogical sciences, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov (1 Teatralnaya square, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: kseny1974@mail.ru
Irina A. Nozhkina, Candidate of social sciences, associate professor, associate professor of the sub-department of social-legal and humanitarian-pedagogical sciences, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov (1 Teatralnaya square, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: nirina2007@mail.ru
Oksana N. Shmygina, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor of the sub-department of social-legal and humanitarianpedagogical sciences, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov (1 Teatralnaya square, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: kseny1974@mail.ru 

Index UDK

355.237:63 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2021-3-9 

Abstract

Background. This work is one of the first studies of the activities aimed at improving the quality of scientific and pedagogical personnel of agricultural universities of the USSR in the period of the 1960s – 1980s of the 20th century. It outlines the main directions, trends and experience of agricultural universities in the most concise form. Special attention is paid to the characteristics of its forms and methods in the context of improving the organization of the educational and scientific process. The relevance of the study is determined by the lack of knowledge of the stated topic, the demand for experience in providing universities with highly qualified personnel of teachers and scientists, accumulated during the Soviet period of Russian history. This publication attempts to investigate the process of improving the quality of scientific and pedagogical personnel in agricultural universities by solving the following tasks: to study the activities of training highly qualified personnel; analyze the forms and methods of work to improve the level of educational and scientific activities of university teachers; identify the positive aspects and shortcomings of the work on improving the skills of teachers of higher education. Materials and methods. In the course of the study, we used documents and materials that contribute to the disclosure of the essence of the work of scientific and pedagogical personnel of agricultural universities of the USSR in the study period. The methodological basis of the study was based on the basic methods of historical science: historicism, objectivity, and consistency, which allowed us to highlight the material used and present the results of the study with maximum reliability. Results. The results of the study confirm its relevance and lack of knowledge in the modern literature. They showed the presence of a generally positive dynamics of improving the quality of scientific and pedagogical personnel of agricultural universities of the USSR in the period of the 1960s – 1980s of the 20th century. The connection between the scientific and pedagogical activities of teachers was strengthened, the practical orientation of the classes and the form of organization of professional development of the teaching staff were improved. Conclusions. In the course of the conducted work, an idea was obtained about the most general trends in the evolution of scientific and pedagogical personnel of agricultural universities at the final stage of Soviet history, about the experience and problems of improving their quality. 

Key words

scientific and pedagogical personnel, agricultural universities, scientific work, professional development 

 

 Download PDF

References

1. Zerkalov V.I. Podgotovka kadrov sel'skogo khozyaystva. 1965–1985 gg. (Na materialakh oblastey Povolzh'ya) = Training of agricultural personnel. 1965–1985 (by the materials from the Volga region). Saratov: Izd-vo Saratovskogo un-ta, 1999:87. (In Russ.)
2. Krasota V.F. Agricultural education at new frontiers. Vestnik vysshey shkoly = Higher school bulletin. 1966;(12):8–15. (In Russ.)
3. Makarov I.P. Urgent tasks of agricultural universities. Vestnik vysshey shkoly = Higher school bulletin. 1982;(8):15–18. (In Russ.)
4. Rybkov A.G. Agricultural higher school at the stage of reforming the agrarian sector (60–80s of the 20th century). Aktual'nye problemy sovremennogo gumanitarnogo znaniya: mezhvuz. sb. nauch. tr. Vyp. 4 = Actual problems of modern humanitarian knowledge: university proceedings. Issue 4. Saratov, 2010:83–89. (In Russ.)
5. Shaposhnikova A.P. Universities of the agro-industrial complex – highly qualified teachers. Kadry sel'skogo khozyaystva = Agriculture personnel. 1984;(2):9–16. (In Russ.)
6. Fedulova M.V. Historical experience and problems of training and retraining of agricultural specialists, 1965–1985: by the materials from the Volga region. PhD dissertation. Saratov, 2001:178. (In Russ.)
7. Filatova A.V. Historical experience of training scientific personnel in the USSR in 1964–1985. PhD dissertation. Astrakhan, 2011:194. (In Russ.)
8. Tsekhovoy N.P. Podgotovka nauchnykh i nauchno-pedagogicheskikh kadrov v SSSR (1920-e – 1991 gg.): regional'nyy opyt = Training of scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel in the USSR (1920s – 1991): regional experience. Tomsk: Izd. dom Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo un-ta, 2016:200. (In Russ.)
9. Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy arkhiv ekonomiki (RGAE). F. 7486. Op. 42-v. D. 1249. L. 128 = Russian State Archives of Economics. Fund 7486. Item 42-v. File 1249. List 128. (In Russ.)
10. Narodnoe khozyaystvo SSSR: stat. ezhegodnik = The national economy of the USSR: statistical yearbook. TsSU SSSR. Moscow: Finansy i statistika, 1990:309. (In Russ.)
11. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv noveyshey istorii Smolenskoy oblasti (GANISO). F. 184. Op. 1. D. 172 = State Archives of Contemporary History of the Smolensk Region. Fund 184. Item 1. File 172. (In Russ.)
12. GANISO. F. 184. Op. 1. D. 189 = State Archives of Contemporary History of the Smolensk Region. Fund 184. Item 1. File 189. (In Russ.)
13. GANISO. F. 594. Op. 11. D. 24 = State Archives of Contemporary History of the Smolensk Region. Fund 594. Item 11. File 24. (In Russ.)
14. Tsentr dokumentatsii noveyshey istorii Volgogradskoy oblasti (TsDNIVO). F. 113. Op. 110. D. 39 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 113. Item 110. File 39. (In Russ.)
15. TsDNIVO. F. 113. Op. 86. D. 33 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 113. Item 86. File 33. (In Russ.)
16. TsDNIVO. F. 113. Op. 86. D. 13 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 113. Item 86. File 13. (In Russ.)
17. TsDNIVO. F. 113. Op. 86. D. 72 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 113. Item 86. File 72. (In Russ.)
18. GANISO. F. 594. Op. 15. D. 13 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 594. Item 15. File 13. (In Russ.)
19. GANISO. F. 594. Op. 22. D. 214 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 594. Item 22. File 214. (In Russ.)
20. GANISO. F. 594. Op. 14. D. 130 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 594. Item 14. File 130. (In Russ.)
21. Kuznetsov N.I. (ed.) Saratovskiy gosudarstvennyy agrarnyy universitet im. N. I. Vavilova: istoriko-publitsisticheskoe izdanie = Saratov State Agrarian University N.I. Vavilov: historical and journalistic publication. Saratov: Saratovskiy GAU: Rido-Print, 2013: 488. (In Russ.)
22. Vestnik vysshey shkoly = Higher school bulletin. 1980;(10). (In Russ.)
23. Vestnik vysshey shkoly = Higher school bulletin. 1982;(8). (In Russ.)
24. Nikonov A.A. Increasing the efficiency of scientific research and improving the management of agricultural science. Nauchnoe obespechenie agropromyshlennogo kompleksa: sb. = Scientific support of the agro-industrial complex: collection of articles. Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1988:70–71. (In Russ.)
25. RGAE. F. 7486. Op. 1. D. 3767 = Russian State Archives of Economics. Fund 7486. Item 1. File 3767. (In Russ.)
26. Pilipenko V.A. Professional development of teachers. Kadry sel'skogo khozyaystva = Agriculture personnel. 1978;(4):58–60. (In Russ.)
27. RGAE. F. 7486. Op. 40. D. 4709 = Russian State Archives of Economics. Fund 7486. Item 40. File 4709. (In Russ.)
28. GANISO. F. 594. Op. 6. D. 142 = Center for Documentation of the Contemporary History of the Volgograd Region. Fund 594. Item 6. File 142. (In Russ.)
29. Agapov A. New faculties of the university. Volgogradskaya pravda = Volgogradskaya pravda. 1966, Nov. 2. (In Russ.)
30. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Vladimirskoy oblasti (GAVO). F. 5977. Op. 4. D. 1484 = State Archives of Vladimir Region. Fund 5977. Item 4. File 1484. (In Russ.)
31. GAVO. F. 5977. Op. 4. D. 1368 = State Archives of Vladimir Region. Fund 5977. Item 4. File 1368. (In Russ.)
32. Shmygina O.N. The development of higher agricultural education and university agrarian
science in 1965–1985: by the materials of Saratov and Volgograd regions. PhD dissertation. Saratov, 2013:239. (In Russ.) 

 

Дата создания: 06.10.2021 14:01
Дата обновления: 06.10.2021 15:28